For Athletes

Many athletes do not report concussion symptoms and are able to hide them due to the invisible nature of concussion symptoms. This can be attributed to a variety of reasons:
  • Not understanding the severity
  • Not wanting to leave the game
  • Not knowing it was a concussion
  • Not wanting to let down teammates, coaches and parents
About the Video: Many athletes, like Chayse, do not report concussions. However, concussions are a serious injury and when not treated properly can lead to long term consequences. Reporting concussions can help to lengthen the career of an athlete.

Education Has To Start With Athletes

Become familiar with the signs and symptoms of concussion and always report them to your coach or trainer!
Signs and Symptoms as listed by the Post Concussion Symptom Scale
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Post Concussion Sydrome

In some athletes, concussion symptoms can last for over a month resulting in Post Concussion Syndrome (PCS). These debilitating symptoms usually clear up within a year, but some patients live with PCS for the rest of their lives.

Dr. Robert Cantu, Clinical Professor of Neurosurgery and Co-Director of the Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy at Boston University School of Medicine, discusses Post Concussion Syndrome, or concussion symptoms that persist for more than one month.

Girls’ soccer players report more concussions than boys’ soccer players and seem to recover more slowly. Olympic gold medalist Cindy Parlow still feels the effects of concussions that forced her into retirement.


Second Impact Syndrome

Concussions can be fatal. Second Impact Syndrome (SIS) happens when an athlete is not fully recovered from one concussion and returns to play and sustains a second head injury. This can result in cerebral swelling, brain herniation, and in extreme cases, death within only a few minutes. Although SIS is rare, it has a 90% mortality rate.

Dr. Christina Master, Pediatrician and Sports Medicine Specialist at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, explains Second Impact Syndrome, a rare but fatal consequence of failing to remove a concussed athlete from play.